ivanov_p (ivanov_p) wrote,


обсуждают клонирование мамонта и неандертальца. И восстановление вымершей фауны в целом

Life Sciences, Society and Policy
December 2014 Sariah Cottrell, Jamie L Jensen, Steven L Peck
Resuscitation and resurrection: The ethics of cloning cheetahs, mammoths, and Neanderthals


обсуждение: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/6e6b/5f5b60d1be0b876739aab01b7d8a1f290881.pdf

про восстановление фауны: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/8d9f/dfbc55d587550d295dc38e4f9d1423922d6f.pdf

Про создание эталонной генетической последовательности неандертальца из имеющихся образцов https://genome.cshlp.org/content/20/5/547.full.pdf

там большие проблемы именно с клонирвоанием
Suggestions on how this might be accomplished include
making the chimpanzee genome more Neanderthal-like (Wade
2009). The technical feasibility of such an experiment is dubious,
and the number of chimpanzee embryos and foster mothers that
would in principle be required make it ethically untenable. Statements
that the Neanderthal genome sequence should be used to
clone the species therefore undermine the credibility of the entire
enterprise. Moreover, these speculations are based on the notion
that Neanderthals were in some sense subhuman and that the
moratoriums on human reproductive cloning should therefore not
apply to them. Thus we return to the question at the heart of the
Neanderthal genome project: Are modern humans fundamentally
different from all archaic human species? Neanderthals were certainly
intelligent: They fashioned recognizably human tools and
lived in established communities, which alone suggests they were
sufficiently ‘‘human’’ that we should not consider cloning them. It
is hoped that direct comparison of the human and Neanderthal
genomes will reveal whether our talents for invention, language,
and abstract thought—the basis of our perceived uniqueness among
species—are truly unique to us. It may be that Neanderthals lacked
essential modern human characteristics. However, there is a long
road ahead, and we should not be surprised if we discover that we
are not as different from our extinct relatives as we believe.

Некоторый обзор работ за 20 лет http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/370/1660/20130374

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